This was told at a meeting of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin with members of the Government of the Russian Federation. The meeting was attended by the head of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science Valery Falkov.
Labor and Social Protection Minister Anton Kotyakov said that the Russian Ministry of Labor, together with the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, has developed a program to promote youth employment until 2030. One of the most important factors for the implementation of this program will be the development of practical skills among students and graduates of universities, in particular, entrepreneurial competencies, regardless of the main direction of study, since, according to the department, almost half of the graduates would like to work for themselves.
Anton Kotyakov made a proposal to significantly expand the opportunities for students to gain real experience during practical training and to oblige universities to provide places for their students. The portal “Work in Russia” has already digitized regional vacancy bases, information is available about what skills employers expect from university graduates and how much certain competencies cost.
The head of the Ministry of Labor said that the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia has developed a proposal to the Government of the Russian Federation to adjust the admission target figures for budgetary places in accordance with the needs of the regional economy. Also, in the future, it is planned to provide public access to the rating of educational programs based on the criterion of the effectiveness of the employment of university graduates. Now one of the indicators of the success of rectors of Russian universities in the employment of graduates and their demand in the labor market.
Today in Russia one in four of the registered unemployed are under 30 years old. The country is home to 22.6 million citizens aged 15 to 30, of which 1.5 million are unemployed, and about 2.8 million work unofficially. In the category of citizens from 15 to 26 years old, the employment rate is 27%. At the same time, similar indicators in the USA and Germany are 46% and 48%, respectively.
The Ministry of Labor recommends introducing systemic measures to support youth employment, which have proven themselves well in the economically developed countries of Europe and North America, such as subsidizing hiring, industrial training, early career guidance, and labor mobility programs for certain professions. For earlier career guidance, it is also proposed to scale up the practice of industrial tourism.